Founded in 1945, the Soil Science Society of China (SSSC) is one of the top level national academic societies under the China Association for Science and Technology. It is a legally registered, trans-industrial, trans-departmental, and non-profit organization that is oriented towards promoting progress in soil sciences, supporting all soil scientists in the pursuit of their activities, and providing services to society and government. The SSSC was affiliated with the Institute of Soil Science, a division of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, since 1951, at which time its registration was approved by the People’s Central Government of the People’s Republic of China. In 1979, the SSSC became a member of the International Soil Science Society (ISSS, now IUSS, the International Union of Soil Sciences). Three nationwide awards of the SSSC Outstanding Achievement Award, the Science and Technology Award and the Outstanding Young Scholar Award are presented to its members.