Founded in 1945, the Soil Science Society of China (SSSC) is a legally registered, trans-industrial, trans-departmental and non-profit mass academic group and has been affiliated to the Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, ever since 1951 when its registration was approved by the People’s Central Government of the People’s Republic of China. In 1979, SSSC became a member of the International Soil Science Society (now IUSS, the International Union of Soil Sciences). Currently the society has a total of over 18,000 members and provincial-level soil (fertilizer) societies established in 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions of the country. For the past 60 years, SSSC has been sticking to the tenet of its organization, that is, to center around central tasks of the state, to unite and rely on the broad masses of soil and fertilizer scientists, and by making full use of its advantages, such as broad scientific coverage, abundance of intellectual resources and extensive lateral linkage, to carry on academic exchange, edition and publication, scientific popularization, education and training, consultation for decision-making, technical service, international cooperation, talents recommendation, reward and recognition, etc. meanwhile actively recruiting new members, reflecting opinions and calls of the members to competent authorities and providing members with better services. Over the years, this society has been working efficiently and made outstanding achievements, and has grown into a major social force in the soil science and technology sector of China.